Bug #796

Build static lib on windows with mingw64?

Added by Simson Garfinkel about 10 years ago. Updated over 6 years ago.

Target version:
Start date:
27 Oct 2011
Due date:
% Done:


Estimated time:


I am attempting to build exiv2 with the mingw32 and mingw64 cross-compiler. I am able to build a .a file but I cannot link with the .a file; I get unresolved externals:

Below is the error that I'm getting:

x86_64-w64-mingw32-g++  -g  -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -Wall -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -Wall  -Wno-format  --static -mthreads     -o bulk_extractor.exe bulk_extractor.o threadpool.o context_list.o histogram.o utils.o support.o base64_forensic.o feature_recorder.o feature_recorder_set.o image_process.o image_process_fts.o sbuf.o md5.o scan_ccns2.o scan_find.o scan_net.o scan_wordlist.o scan_exif.o scan_base64.o xml.o scan_zip.o scan_gzip.o scan_pdf.o scan_aes.o scan_json.o scan_winprefetch.o scan_hiberfile.o pyxpress.o scan_email.o scan_accts.o scan_kml.o scan_gps.o  -lewf -lz  -lpthreadGC2 -lws2_32 -lgdi32   -lexiv2 -lexpat
scan_exif.o: In function `scan_exif':
/home/simsong/domex/src/bulk_extractor/src/scan_exif.cpp:168: undefined reference to `__imp__ZN5Exiv212ImageFactory4openEPKhl'
/home/simsong/domex/src/bulk_extractor/src/scan_exif.cpp:169: undefined reference to `__imp__ZNK5Exiv25Image4goodEv'
/home/simsong/domex/src/bulk_extractor/src/scan_exif.cpp:202: undefined reference to `__imp__ZNK5Exiv25Value8toStringEv'
/home/simsong/domex/src/bulk_extractor/src/scan_exif.cpp:204: undefined reference to `__imp__ZNK5Exiv25Value8toStringEv'
/home/simsong/domex/src/bulk_extractor/src/scan_exif.cpp:214: undefined reference to `__imp__ZNK5Exiv25Value8toStringEv'
/home/simsong/domex/src/bulk_extractor/src/scan_exif.cpp:217: undefined reference to `__imp__ZNK5Exiv25Value8toStringEv'
/home/simsong/domex/src/bulk_extractor/src/scan_exif.cpp:220: undefined reference to `__imp__ZNK5Exiv25Value8toStringEv'
scan_exif.o:/home/simsong/domex/src/bulk_extractor/src/scan_exif.cpp:223: more undefined references to `__imp__ZNK5Exiv25Value8toStringEv' follow
scan_exif.o: In function `Exiv2::LogMsg::setLevel(Exiv2::LogMsg::Level)':
/usr/x86_64-w64-mingw32/sys-root/mingw/include/exiv2/error.hpp:116: undefined reference to `__imp__ZN5Exiv26LogMsg6level_E'
collect2: ld returned 1 exit status
make[2]: *** [bulk_extractor.exe] Error 1
make[2]: Leaving directory `/home/simsong/domex/src/bulk_extractor/src'
make[1]: *** [all-recursive] Error 1
make[1]: Leaving directory `/home/simsong/domex/src/bulk_extractor'
make: *** [all] Error 2

Here is the usage for the exiv2 configure:

$ ./configure --help
`configure' configures exiv2 0.22 to adapt to many kinds of systems.

Usage: ./configure [OPTION]... [VAR=VALUE]...

To assign environment variables (e.g., CC, CFLAGS...), specify them as
VAR=VALUE.  See below for descriptions of some of the useful variables.

Defaults for the options are specified in brackets.

  -h, --help              display this help and exit
      --help=short        display options specific to this package
      --help=recursive    display the short help of all the included packages
  -V, --version           display version information and exit
  -q, --quiet, --silent   do not print `checking ...' messages
      --cache-file=FILE   cache test results in FILE [disabled]
  -C, --config-cache      alias for `--cache-file=config.cache'
  -n, --no-create         do not create output files
      --srcdir=DIR        find the sources in DIR [configure dir or `..']

Installation directories:
  --prefix=PREFIX         install architecture-independent files in PREFIX
  --exec-prefix=EPREFIX   install architecture-dependent files in EPREFIX

By default, `make install' will install all the files in
`/usr/local/bin', `/usr/local/lib' etc.  You can specify
an installation prefix other than `/usr/local' using `--prefix',
for instance `--prefix=$HOME'.

For better control, use the options below.

Fine tuning of the installation directories:
  --bindir=DIR            user executables [EPREFIX/bin]
  --sbindir=DIR           system admin executables [EPREFIX/sbin]
  --libexecdir=DIR        program executables [EPREFIX/libexec]
  --sysconfdir=DIR        read-only single-machine data [PREFIX/etc]
  --sharedstatedir=DIR    modifiable architecture-independent data [PREFIX/com]
  --localstatedir=DIR     modifiable single-machine data [PREFIX/var]
  --libdir=DIR            object code libraries [EPREFIX/lib]
  --includedir=DIR        C header files [PREFIX/include]
  --oldincludedir=DIR     C header files for non-gcc [/usr/include]
  --datarootdir=DIR       read-only arch.-independent data root [PREFIX/share]
  --datadir=DIR           read-only architecture-independent data [DATAROOTDIR]
  --infodir=DIR           info documentation [DATAROOTDIR/info]
  --localedir=DIR         locale-dependent data [DATAROOTDIR/locale]
  --mandir=DIR            man documentation [DATAROOTDIR/man]
  --docdir=DIR            documentation root [DATAROOTDIR/doc/exiv2]
  --htmldir=DIR           html documentation [DOCDIR]
  --dvidir=DIR            dvi documentation [DOCDIR]
  --pdfdir=DIR            pdf documentation [DOCDIR]
  --psdir=DIR             ps documentation [DOCDIR]

System types:
  --build=BUILD     configure for building on BUILD [guessed]
  --host=HOST       cross-compile to build programs to run on HOST [BUILD]

Optional Features:
  --disable-option-checking  ignore unrecognized --enable/--with options
  --disable-FEATURE       do not include FEATURE (same as --enable-FEATURE=no)
  --enable-FEATURE[=ARG]  include FEATURE [ARG=yes]
  --disable-nls           do not use Native Language Support
  --disable-rpath         do not hardcode runtime library paths
  --enable-shared[=PKGS]  build shared libraries [default=yes]
  --enable-static[=PKGS]  build static libraries [default=yes]
                          optimize for fast installation [default=yes]
  --disable-libtool-lock  avoid locking (might break parallel builds)
  --disable-dependency-tracking  speeds up one-time build
  --disable-visibility    do not use symbol visibility support
  --disable-lensdata      do not use the lens database for Nikon lens names
  --enable-commercial     compile with the EXV_COMMERCIAL_VERSION symbol set
  --disable-xmp           do not compile XMP support and the XMP Toolkit

Optional Packages:
  --with-PACKAGE[=ARG]    use PACKAGE [ARG=yes]
  --without-PACKAGE       do not use PACKAGE (same as --with-PACKAGE=no)
  --with-gnu-ld           assume the C compiler uses GNU ld default=no
  --with-libiconv-prefix[=DIR]  search for libiconv in DIR/include and DIR/lib
  --without-libiconv-prefix     don't search for libiconv in includedir and libdir
  --with-libintl-prefix[=DIR]  search for libintl in DIR/include and DIR/lib
  --without-libintl-prefix     don't search for libintl in includedir and libdir
  --with-pic              try to use only PIC/non-PIC objects [default=use
  --with-gnu-ld           assume the C compiler uses GNU ld [default=no]
  --with-zlib=DIR root directory path of zlib installation defaults to
            /usr/local or /usr if not found in /usr/local
  --without-zlib to disable zlib usage completely
  --with-expat[=DIR]    use libexpat in DIR

Some influential environment variables:
  CXX         C++ compiler command
  CXXFLAGS    C++ compiler flags
  LDFLAGS     linker flags, e.g. -L<lib dir> if you have libraries in a
              nonstandard directory <lib dir>
  LIBS        libraries to pass to the linker, e.g. -l<library>
  CPPFLAGS    (Objective) C/C++ preprocessor flags, e.g. -I<include dir> if
              you have headers in a nonstandard directory <include dir>
  CXXCPP      C++ preprocessor
  CC          C compiler command
  CFLAGS      C compiler flags
  CPP         C preprocessor

Use these variables to override the choices made by `configure' or to help
it to find libraries and programs with nonstandard names/locations.

Report bugs to <>.

And here is the command I'm using to create exiv2:

./configure --host=x86_64-w64-mingw32 --prefix=/usr/x86_64-w64-mingw32/sys-root/mingw --enable-static --without-libiconv-prefix



Updated by Robin Mills about 10 years ago

  • Category set to build
  • Assignee set to Robin Mills
  • Target version set to 0.23

I'm going to investigate this. The pyexiv2 project would like a 64 bit GCC build of exiv2 (although the MSVC/x64/ReleaseDLL 64 bit build works fine with pyexiv2).

In what environment/platform are you issuing the ./configure commands? Are you cross-compiling from Linux, or are using MinGW/64 or what?

I don't want to guess the time required to get this fixed. If it's easy, it might be done in a day or two. However if it's troublesome, it'll probably have to be put to the side until Christmas (or possibly later).


Updated by Robin Mills about 10 years ago

  • Status changed from New to Assigned

Updated by Andreas Huggel about 10 years ago

Although for Android, there may be some general pointers for cross-compilation with the configure script here:


Updated by Andreas Huggel over 9 years ago

  • Target version deleted (0.23)

Updated by Robin Mills over 8 years ago

  • Target version set to 0.25

I wasn't able to cross compile this on my Ubuntu machine. Deferred for 0.25.


Updated by Robin Mills almost 7 years ago

  • Status changed from Assigned to Resolved

I am now supporting MinGW (both 32 and 64 bit builds) on the build server. The build server runs on a Mac Mini and has virtual machines running Linux and Windows. I have been unable to build a static version of the library on MinGW.

This bug has been outstanding for 3 years and I'm marking it as "Resolved" with the sad reason of "cannot fix/will not fix".


Updated by Robin Mills over 6 years ago

  • % Done changed from 0 to 100

Updated by Andreas Huggel over 6 years ago

  • Status changed from Resolved to Closed

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