Bug #1244

exiv2 without EXV_HAVE_MMAP throws an exception

Added by Robin Mills about 5 years ago. Updated about 5 years ago.

tiff parser
Target version:
Start date:
15 Oct 2016
Due date:
% Done:


Estimated time:
6.00 h

Related issues

Related to Exiv2 - Feature #1245: Better I/O implementation when EXV_HAVE_MMAP is not setAssigned17 Oct 2016


Associated revisions

Revision 4633 (diff)
Added by Robin Mills about 5 years ago

#1244 Fix submitted.

Revision 4637 (diff)
Added by Robin Mills about 5 years ago

#1244. Removing experimental APIs introduced by r4637. I submitted those APIs just to retain the code somewhere. I have no plan to release such as API.

Revision 4638 (diff)
Added by Robin Mills about 5 years ago

#1244. Correction to r4637. Added bigBlock_(NULL) to BasicIo::BasicIo().

Revision 4639 (diff)
Added by Robin Mills about 5 years ago

#1244 Fix crwimage.cpp to read into memory (to make CRW work with RemoteIo).



Updated by Robin Mills about 5 years ago

  • Status changed from Resolved to Closed

Fix submitted: r4633

I've successfully run the test suite with EXV_HAVE_MMAP unset in include/exiv2/config.h:

// That's all Folks!
#endif // _CONFIG_H_
Time for test suite (without MMAP):
real    1m11.472s
user    0m28.147s
sys    0m36.597s
Time for test suite (with MMAP):
656 rmills@rmillsmbp:~/gnu/exiv2/trunk $ time make tests >/dev/null

real    1m4.627s
user    0m27.299s
sys    0m34.565s
657 rmills@rmillsmbp:~/gnu/exiv2/trunk $ 
I'm not surprised that the time is similar. The test suite does not have large files. However the difference 5X when reading a 20mb .NEF

Without MMAP:

$ time exiv2 -pa --grep Software DSC_0002.NEF 
Exif.Image.Software                          Ascii      10  Ver.1.00 

real    0m0.068s
user    0m0.007s
sys    0m0.036s
With MMAP:
$ time exiv2 -pa --grep Software DSC_0002.NEF 
Exif.Image.Software                          Ascii      10  Ver.1.00 

real    0m0.015s
user    0m0.006s
sys    0m0.005s


Updated by Robin Mills about 5 years ago

We should not read the whole file when EXV_HAVE_MMAP is not in use. There is code in the RemoteIo class called a "Block Map". In RemoteIo, we wanted to avoid reading the whole file. To achieve that, we allocate a large block of memory which is sufficient to hold the complete file - however it is not populated. We maintain a parallel map with one boolean for every "block" (of 8k or so). When we read, or write, we consult the blockmap and populate the memory block just in time. I'm confident that it is straightforward to promote the block map from RemoteIo to BasicIo and use this strategy in FileIo. This will make a huge difference to the amount of reading being performed.

When this is done, we should also pay attention to the size of the "big block". There is no need to allocate a block to hold the complete file. We can realloc that block when necessary.

I am confident that we can make a huge improvement to the I/O and Memory demands of class FileIo when EXV_HAVE_MMAP is not set. No changes are required in the TiffXxxxx classes as all of this activity will be performed invisibly within BasicIo.

The project to use the "BlockMap" within class FileIo cannot be undertaken for v0.26 as it involves too much work and risk at a very late stage in the project.


Updated by Robin Mills about 5 years ago

Discussion with Asdiel Echevarria

We really like your idea and implementation for reading only the metadata blocks while still using File I/O and we are thinking to try to back port it to 0.26 once 0.26 is released. We will of course share it back in the repository in case you guys do a release between 0.26 and 0.27.

My reply:

I’ve backported the necessary code from v0.26 to v0.25. The changes to make that happen are mostly in src/*image.cpp and src/basicio.cpp (and their .hpp companions). It’s not as trivial as I say because you have to update the build and other consequential magic. There are new files in v0.26 (src/webpimage.cpp, src/ini.cpp). However I’ve done everything in about two hours. It builds and executes the v0.25 test suite without crashing. The test suite reports various matters which have been fixed in v0.26. The formatted output from the command exiv2 -pS is slightly different in v0.26. For certain this is sufficient to be sent to your test/QE people. and I attach a patch for v0.25.

It reads TIFFs over the internet very efficiency. I added instrumentation to HttpIo to see the blocks being fetched. 11 blocks of 1024bytes.

1052 rmills@rmillsmbp:~/gnu/exiv2 $ ssh ls -alt www/files/Reagan.tiff
-rw-r--r-- 1 secret secret 8628164 Oct 16 10:45 www/files/Reagan.tiff
1053 rmills@rmillsmbp:~/gnu/exiv2/v0.25/build $ bin/Debug/exiv2 -pa --grep Software
HttpIo::HttpImpl::getDataByRange: 0,0
HttpIo::HttpImpl::getDataByRange: 8416,8416
HttpIo::HttpImpl::getDataByRange: 8417,8417
HttpIo::HttpImpl::getDataByRange: 8418,8418
HttpIo::HttpImpl::getDataByRange: 8419,8422
HttpIo::HttpImpl::getDataByRange: 8423,8425
Exif.Image.Software                          Ascii      29  Adobe Photoshop CS Macintosh
1054 rmills@rmillsmbp:~/gnu/exiv2/v0.25/build $
If/When you make the changes for the network drive, I will be very happy to accept a patch. I’ll review and test it, then put it on the trunk after v0.26 has shipped. From my point of view, there is no hurry at all with this.

Incidentally, I pulled down all the raw images yesterday from here: Exiv2 reads all 322 without a single stumble when they are on local storage. The project for 2017 to enhance our raw image support and test will investigate that every image can be read efficiently over the internet. I’m planning to recruit a Google Summer of Code student for that project. So it would be good to have your patch by May 2017.

529 rmills@rmillsmbp:~/gnu/exiv2/trunk $ time build/bin/Debug/exiv2 -pa -g Software
Exif.Image.Software                          Ascii      29  Adobe Photoshop CS Macintosh

real    0m1.582s
user    0m0.014s
sys    0m0.012s
530 rmills@rmillsmbp:~/gnu/exiv2/trunk $ time curl -O
  % Total    % Received % Xferd  Average Speed   Time    Time     Time  Current
                                 Dload  Upload   Total   Spent    Left  Speed
100 8425k  100 8425k    0     0   787k      0  0:00:10  0:00:10 --:--:-- 1601k

real    0m10.745s
user    0m0.074s
sys    0m0.319s
531 rmills@rmillsmbp:~/gnu/exiv2/trunk $ ls -alt Reagan.tiff
-rw-r--r--+ 1 rmills staff 8628164 Oct 21 12:00 Reagan.tiff
532 rmills@rmillsmbp:~/gnu/exiv2/trunk $

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